There are several families of waste: plastic, glass, metals, paper and cardboard, organic materials and hazardous materials (chemicals, batteries, etc.). Paper, cardboard, plastic, metal and glass are recyclable. They are then used to make many other things such as bottles, clothes, bikes, etc.
Waste recycling is the process of collecting and processing waste into new products or objects. Recycling is very beneficial to your community and the environment.
Many easy to implement solutions exist:
Once thrown into nature, waste takes a long time to degrade. For example, a can takes up to 100 years, a plastic bag takes up to 1,000 years and a glass bottle takes up to 4,000 years. It is therefore important to be aware of the nature of existing waste as well as its impacts, which are generally very harmful to the environment.
Not all waste is hazardous. Those that are, present a danger for health and/or the environment, because they release harmful substances. These wastes require an adapted treatment. When in contact with water, some waste, such as cigarette butts, spreads thousands of chemical and toxic substances. Waste is also dangerous for animals. Marine species mistake plastic waste for potential prey and get injured or die from choking or strangulation.
According to a German study conducted in 2018, 90% of plastic waste found in the oceans or seas comes from only ten Asian and African rivers. China would be responsible for 27.7% of the waste found. The rivers, which cross urban, industrial and agricultural areas, are one of the main sources of waste coming from the land to the coast.
If the collection of abandoned waste is poorly managed, then the waste will be pushed to the shoreline by winds and waters.
Fishing is also responsible for plastic waste in the oceans. Half of the seventh continent or waste vortex in the North Pacific is made up of a mass of fishing nets.
Nuclear waste comes from the nuclear industry. The composition of this waste generates radioactive radiation which is very dangerous for the planet and more particularly for all living things. This waste is treated according to its level of radioactivity and its lifespan. Formerly dumped in the ocean, the most radioactive waste is now buried very deep in the ground and covered with concrete, lead, sand, mud and earth to keep it isolated as long as possible.
Organic waste and more particularly vegetable waste (fruits, vegetables, etc.), which cannot be recycled, can be used to make compost. It can be used for gardening for example.
Household waste is all the waste produced by households at their place of residence. This waste includes recyclable household waste (plastic, cardboard, glass, paper and metals).
Inert waste is generally waste from construction and public works. If it is recyclable, this inert waste will be treated in a recycling plant. If it is not recyclable, this waste will be considered as inert (without future modification) or “ultimate” and cannot be recycled.
Green waste is vegetable waste that comes from organic waste (animal and vegetable waste) produced by households. This type of waste is biodegradable and can be composted to make fertilizer for example.
Waste electrical and electronic equipment is a specific type of waste that must be taken to a waste disposal center, just like batteries, ink cartridges, wood and household products.
According to the principles of selective sorting, the yellow bin can receive the following waste: Cardboard packaging: such as packages, food packaging (yogurt, cereals, pasta …). Steel and aluminium packaging: such as cans, tins, empty syrup bottles.Paper waste: notebooks, newspapers, magazines, envelopes, letters. PET plastic waste: such as milk bottles, some household products or cosmetics containers.
The blue garbage can is dedicated to the collection of recyclable packaging and paper, newspapers, envelopes, notebooks, magazines, leaflets, paper advertisements, food cartons, plastic bottles, cans, aluminum and steel cans, aerosols, aluminum trays, etc.
What is compostable:
Peelings, fruits, vegetables, coffee grounds (paper bags and filters are compostable), tea leaves, walnut shells, pits, flowers, leaves, straw, egg shells, citrus peels, …
What is not compostable:
Bread, leftovers, meat, fish, cheese, fruit labels, liquids, feces, litter, fats, garlic, bones, corks, chemicals, inorganic materials (salt, sand, etc.), …
Throwing waste into nature is not without consequences. Many of them degrade more or less slowly, and some have a life span of several thousand years! Among these wastes (without counting some nuclear wastes) we can find for example batteries, telephone cards, expanded polystyrene, bottles, glass, …
Some waste must be disposed of at the waste disposal center. These include bulky items (used or expired cleaning products), scrap metal, rubble, clothing as well as electrical and electronic appliances.
Each French person produces about 1 kg of household waste per day. Each year, no less than 354 kg of household waste is produced. These calculations come from Ademe according to the tonnages of household waste (not including green waste) that have been collected by local authorities.
The major challenge for EcoMégot is to recycle and valorize the butts that we collect. Today, butts are mainly used for their filters, which contain cellulose acetate (plastic material in the form of fiber). Then, the recycling is done in 4 steps:
Once the collection is secured and the hygienization in our workshops is completed, the recycling and recovery process of the mask material is done in 4 steps:
Recycling is visually represented by the familiar Möbius strip symbol. There are 4 steps to recycling waste: collecting recyclable materials, processing (sorting, cleaning and transforming into new materials), manufacturing new products with recycled materials and purchasing products from recycling.
At Keenat, we believe that recycling is not the absolute end. We work every day to encourage changes in behavior through awareness. A recycled object remains a future waste to be treated. We truly believe that recycling must serve to raise public awareness. Our mission will end when no waste will be present in the streets, parks, oceans, …
Keenat has developed environmentally friendly recycling solutions in partnership with French laboratories. Thanks to their research, it is possible to reuse the material from cigarette butts and surgical masks without using water or solvents. We recycle these wastes into awareness plates for communities, companies, high schools … These plates will have a role of reminder and awareness of pollution of cigarette butts and masks in parks, gardens, streets, beaches, business premises, town halls, …
Recycling is first and foremost a way to avoid wasting our natural resources and energy. In addition, it helps to secure the industry’s supply of raw materials and to reduce its environmental impact.
Our solutions are aimed at communities of all sizes, private or public companies, university campuses, establishments or structures receiving the public. We also have offers for events and festivals.
Today, the waste we process (butts and masks) is waste that requires special attention. For the butts, we must have a sufficient quality of waste so that they can be treated and recycled. For the treatment of masks, we must be sure that the collection process is respected. For reasons of traceability, we cannot offer our solutions to private individuals.
The CSR approach is based on three pillars: economy, environment and social. With Keenat solutions, you act on these 3 levers. You act on the environment by treating your waste (cigarette butts, masks, chewing gum). You participate in the professional reintegration of people far from employment thanks to our partnerships with integration sites throughout France. You will integrate your employees in a meaningful process and this will be felt on the performance of your companies. Did you know that there is an economic gap of 13% between responsible companies and those who are not?
Few people are aware of the composition of their waste. For example, some people do not know that the filter of cigarette butts is made of plastic. We want to encourage changes in people’s behavior with regard to pollution and the environment.
Our solutions would make less sense if citizens, employees or students were not made aware of them. It is by discussing and sharing that mentalities can change.
For example, we conducted an experiment in Lyon on a bus line. On some stops, we only installed ashtrays, on others ashtrays and marking on the bus shelters and finally on some stops ashtrays, marking and the presence of a Keenat Ambassador to raise awareness. The volume of butts on the ground is considerably reduced when the EcoMégot solution is 100% deployed.
The collection is programmed by our teams in advance thanks to a powerful tour algorithm or according to the customer’s needs. It is carried out in priority by integration sites and support structures for people with disabilities. The collection is done by bicycle whenever possible (for communities and city centers) in order to minimize the carbon impact. A light commercial vehicle is used for metropolitan collections, local logistics and after-sales operations. Cigarette butts are transported in approved hazardous waste containers and by authorized personnel in strict compliance with current legislation.
A cigarette butt contains 3 elements: the filter, the paper and the tobacco. The filter, which is composed of cellulose acetate, is then transformed into this new recycled plastic material. The paper and tobacco, known as the “organic fraction”, are recovered via the energy recovery process specific to hazardous waste, in order to be transformed into Solid Substitution Fuel (CSS).